Marathi Culture and Festivals

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Welcome to Marathi Culture and Festivals

मराठी संस्कृती, सण, आणि उत्सव 

Welcome to Marathi Culture And Festivals - The only marathi info site for english readers and marathi learners!

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Marathi Culture and Festivals Diwali Edition 2016
दिवाळी अंक २०१६ 

Exclusive: एक्सक्लूझिव्ह

Ahilya bai holkar  

31 May 1725 – 13 August 1795


I would like to share a brief history of Ahilya Bai Holkar. I grew up in Indore and always respected her work as a queen and an administrator.

The reign of Ahilyabai, of Indore in central India, lasted for 30 Yrs. , Ahilyabai petitioned the Peshwa after Malhar’s death, and the death of her son, to take over the administration herself. Some in Malwa objected to herassumption of rule, but the army of Holkar was enthusiastic about her leadership. She had led them in person, with four bows and quivers of arrows fitted to the corners of the howdah of her favourite elephant. The Peshwa granted permission, and, with Tukoji Holkar (not a relative) as the head of military matters, she proceeded to rule Malwa in a most enlightened manner, even reinstating a Brahmin who had opposed her.


This has become almost legendary as a period during which perfect order and good Government prevailed and the people prospered. She was a very able ruler and organizer, highly respected during her lifetime, and considered as a saint by a lot of people after her death.As a tribute to the great ruler, Indore domestic airport has been named Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport. Similarly, Indore University has been renamed as "Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya".

Historians of the 19th and 20th centuries—Indian, English and American—agree that the reputation of Ahilyabai Holkar in Malwa and Maharashtra was then, and is, even now, that of a saint. Nothing has ever been discovered by any researcher to discredit that. She was truly a magnificent woman, an able ruler and a great queen.--Aishwarya Kokatay


Image Source: By Nilrocks (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


Veer Savarkar Death Anniversary Feb 26
Birth Anniversary 28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, commonly known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar was a fearless freedom fighter, social reformer, writer, dramatist, poet, historian, political leader and philosopher. 
  Savarkar's revolutionary activities began while studying in India and England, where he was associated with the India House and founded student societies including Abhinav Bharat Society and the Free India Society, as well as publications espousing the cause of complete Indian independence by revolutionary means  Read More
Jyotirao Phule Death Anniversary Nov.28/2014
ज्योतिराव फुले पुण्यतिथी नोव्हेंबर २८/२०१४ Born: 11 April, 1827 
Passed Away: 28 November, 1890
Contributions
Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers of the nineteenth century India. He led the movement against the prevailing caste-restrictions in India. He revolted against the domination of the 

Sambhaji Bhosale : An Extraordinary King


(14 May 1657 – 11 March 1689) was the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, and his first wife Saibai. He was successor of the realm after his father's death.

Born: May 14, 1657, Purandar fort, India

Died: March 11, 1689, Tulapur, India

Parents: Shivaji, Sai Bhosale

Siblings: Rajaram Chhatrapati     Read More:


Picture Source: By मालोजीराव (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


B. R. Ambedkar  Birth Anniversary April 14/2015                                         Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Dalits, women and labour.

As the free India's first Law Minister and Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, Dr. Ambedkar drafted the nation's constitution.

He was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna in 1990.


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Picture Source: Wikipedia 

Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte 

December 26, 1914 - February 09, 2008

was a highly dedicated Indian social worker for the cause of rehabilitation and empowerment of poor people, particularly those suffering from leprosy. He gave up all his luxurious way of living. He gave up his wealth and established three ashrams for treatment and rehabilitation of leprosy patients, disabled people, and people from marginalized sections of the society in Maharashtra, India, of which Anandwan was the precursor. He also adopted non-violent means to fight the Indian government for independence. He was the recipient of many international and national awards of which the most prominent are: The Ramon Magsaysay Award; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest civilian honour of the Government of India; and the Gandhi Peace Prize. Visit ANANDVAN 

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Jijabai [ Mother of Shivaji Maharaj ]

Jijabai was born on 12 January 1598 and a daughter of Lakhojirao Jadhav in present-day Buldhana district of Maharashtra State. As per the customs of that age, she got married at an early age to Shahaji Bhosale, a nobleman and 

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Balshastri Jambhekar is also known as Father of Marathi journalism for his efforts in starting journalism in Marathi language with the first newspaper in the language named 'Darpan' in the early days of British Rule in India. 
Born: January 6, 1812, Konkan, India Died: May 18, 1846
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An excellent Concert by Rama and Rucha in Los Angeles


Los Angeles audience was mesmerized by singing of Rama and Rucha Kelkar. They are twin sisters in their senior year at Granada Hills Charter High School in Granada Hills, California. They liked to sing songs from Disney movies in elementary school and were later inspired by a variety of songs in Hindi and Marathi movies. They have been learning classical music on and off for around 8 years, and more seriously for the last couple of years from Kavita Kharwandikar in Pune and from Saili Oak Kalyanpur in Los Angeles.


They have been giving performances in local events and they are known faces in the community, but this was their biggest solo performance and was one of a kind. Rama and Rucha’s versatility is their strongest point.


Song selection for this program was a big challenge for them and their parents Mrs. Asawari Kelkar and Mr. Rajendra Kelkar. The audience included people of all ages, and spoke a variety of languages. However, catering to this diverse crowd was their criteria for song selection. Luckily, Rama and Rucha are versatile and skilled enough to sing a wide range of songs including classical, semi-classical, light Bollywood, and also Western music. The classical music portion was prepared under the guidance of their teachers Kavita Kharwandikar and Saili Oak Kalyanpur, whereas the light music portion was selected, organized, and prepared by the girls and their family. All the songs were among Rama and Rucha’s favorites. The program was conducted by Mr.Ketan Kelkar, Rama and Rucha’s older brother.


The program consisted of live Harmonium and Tabla for the first part and karaoke for the second part. The following is the list of songs from the program:

Live harmonium played by Dr. Gopal Marathe and Tabla played by Shri Sandeep Katre.

Opening: North Indian classical music, a khyal in raga Gaud Malhar.

A raag mala based in raagas Sohini, Shyam Kalyan, Tilak-kamod, Darbari Kanada, Bhoopali, Des, Bahar, Kalyan, and Nand.

A Kajari based in Raag Kafi.

Meera Bhajan (Piyaji Mhare)

Natyageet (Mana Mandira from the Marathi movie Katyar Kaljat Ghusli)

Aap Ki Nazaron Ne Samjha (from Hindi Movie: Anpadh)

(Karaoke)

Lawani (Vajale ki bara from movie Nataranga)

O Bekhabar (Bollywood movie Action Replayy)

English Medley (various Disney movies)

Sun raha hai na tu (Bollywood movie Aashiqui 2)

Do la re dola (Bollywood movie Devdas)

Mile Sur Mera Tumhara (Doordarshan production)

Tarana (raag Bhairavi)


The girls have always loved light music of all kinds, especially Hindi film tunes, but their tastes for classical music are also developing. Up till now, Rama and Rucha only performed light music onstage. This concert was the first in which they presented classical music. At this point in time, both Rama and Rucha are focusing on their academics and college plans. However, they are also highly dedicated to and passionate about their music.

No doubt they will be doing wonders in the music world!

We are privileged to share a couple of songs from the program and a few pictures, enjoy.



Marathi Rangbhumi Din Nov.05/2014
मराठी रंगभूमी दिन नोव्हेंबर ०५/२०१४ 


Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar (October 1, 1919–December 14, 1977) was an Indian poet, lyricist, play-writer, actor and orator. Ga Di Ma, as he was popularly known, was the leading name in Marathi literature and one of the great modern poets of Maharashtra.

Ga Di Ma successfully tried his hands in many stream of literature, including poetry, stories, epics, novels, autobiographies and lyrics. He has almost 30 acclaimed works across these categories. The subjects covered by him in his creations are just as varied.

Ga Di Ma was equally proficient in Hindi. He first entered the world of films in March 1938 at Kolhapur. His pen contributed to as many as 157 Marathi and 23 Hindi films. It was Ga Di Ma who penned the story and dialogue for V. Shantaram's film Do Ankhen Barah Haath, which won recognition at international film festivals.

He is especially admired for having written Geet Ramayan, a collection of 56 verses encompassing the entire epic of Ramayana. It earned him the title of "Modern Valmiki". The music was composed by Sudhir Phadke

.

Image Source : http://www.aathavanitli-gani.com/Geetkar/Ga_Di_Madgulkar

Information Source: http://www.gadima.com/main/index.php

Bal Gangadhar Tilak Jayanti  July 23/2015


Bal Gangadhar Tilak born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak (23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities called him "Father of the Indian unrest". He was also conferred with the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "Accepted by the people.

Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj" स्वराज (self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj स्वराज is my birthright, and I shall have it!" is well-remembered in India even today.

He introduced sarvajanik Ganeshotsav सार्वजनिक गणेशोत्सव in Maharashtra State to bring community together and to stimulate social interaction.


बाळ गंगाधर टिळक (जुलै २३,इ.स. १८५६ - ऑगस्ट १, इ.स. १९२०) हे भारतीय स्वातंत्र्यलढ्यातील अग्रगण्य राजकीय पुढारी, भारताच्या स्वातंत्र्यलढयाचे आद्य प्रवर्तक, भारतीय असंतोषाचे जनक, गणितज्ञ, खगोलतज्ञ, राजकीय तत्त्वज्ञ, पत्रकार, संपादक, लेखक, वक्ते आणि स्वातंत्र्यसेनानी होते. लोकमान्य या उपाधीने त्यांचा उल्लेख केला जातो.

हिंदूंमध्ये घरांघरांत गणेशोत्सव अनेक शतकांपासून साजरा केला जात असे. परंतु हिंदुस्थाना मध्ये गणेशोत्सव घरोघरी साजरा केला जात असला तरी त्यास सार्वजनिक स्वरुप कधीच नव्हते, आम्ही सामाजिक दृष्ट्या एकत्र यावं, या साठी टिळकांनी सार्वजनिक गणेशोत्सवाची संकल्पना मांडून ती यशस्वी करून दाखवली. टिळक म्हणत, देवा-धर्माच्या नावाखाली लोक एकत्र येतात ना तर हरकत नाही, आणि अशाप्रकारे लोकांना प्रथम एकत्र करून मग त्यांना आपण स्वातंत्र्य मिळवण्यासाठी प्रेरणा देऊ शकतो. आणि अशाप्रकारे लोकांना एकत्र करून टिळकांनी त्यांना इंग्रजी सत्तेविरूद्ध उद्युक्त करायला सुरूवात केली. आणि त्याची परिणीती म्हणून सर्वसामान्य जनतेत इंग्रजी सत्ते विषयी राग निर्माण झाला.


Image source: See page for author [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons



Rani Lakshmi bai Birth Anniversary Nov.19
महाराणी लक्ष्मी बाई जन्म दिवस नोव्हेंबर १९/२०१४ Death Anniversary June 17
बलिदान दिवस / पुण्यतिथी : जून १७


Devotional Singers group from Konkan;

 Devotional songs means a music composition sung to generate positive energy and to get blessings of God."  

Konkan or the Konkan Coast is a rugged section of the western coastline of India.


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वेडा रे वेडा रे वेडा पंढरी...बुवा श्री अरविंद जाभवडेकर

Navdurga Prasadik Bhajan mandal Kinjavade 

( Ghadi Wadi )


Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur
(26th June 1874 to 6th May 1922)

The first Maharaja of the Indian princely state of Kolhapur between 1884 and 1922.  The most popular Maratha King with a revolutionary vision. He was a social reformer to work for rural and low-caste indigent by providing them free education along with hostel facility in Kolhapur state.

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Image Source : By Unknown photographer (The British Library) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons



Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, (धुंडीराज गोविंद फाळके) popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke ( दादासाहेब फाळके) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944) was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the father of Indian cinema. ‘Father of Indian Cinema, whose pioneering efforts laid the foundation of Indian cinema. Despite heavy odds and scathing criticisms, Phalke went ahead with his endeavors and made people realize the cultural and financial worth of the film medium. As more and more entrepreneurs took to film-making, films became an integral part of mainstream entertainment. 


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 Marathi actor Shri. Shyam Ponkshe who acted in many serials and dramas passed away recently...his famous play was 
Eka Lagnachi Goshta  with Prashant Damle. Read this article written by his close friend Atul Parchure about his memories with him.



  

Vijay Tendulkar  विजय तेंडुलकर (6 January 1928 – 19 May 2008) was a leading Indian playwright, movie and television writer, literary essayist, political journalist, and social commentator primarily in Marāthi. He is best known for his plays Shantata! Court Chalu Aahe (1967), Ghasiram Kotwal (1972), and Sakharam Binder (1972).

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Noted scientist and the man behind Indian monsoon model, 

Vasant Gowariker (81), died on Friday January 2/2015  evening at Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital in Pune.

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We had invited readers to participate in sending articles on our cultural heritage .

Thanks to Mrs. Vibha Bhilawadikar Mumbai  and Mrs.  Mayura Pradhan Javeri Minnesota for sharing their articles. We are happy to share with all the readers. 

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Pandurang Sadashiv Sane, known as Sane Guruji(24/12/1899 to 11/06/1950) to his followers, was a famous Marathi author and social activist. He was born in a town palghat in Ratnagiri district konkan region of rural Maharashtra. He also had a younger brother. 

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Dr. Prakash Baba Amte - The Real Hero",

Successful Movie screening in Los angeles by Maharashtra Mandal LA and BMM 

There were two screenings held in LA with tremendous response. A salute to the great work done by Dr. prakash Amte and making an excellent movie on his life and work by Director Producer Samruddhi Porey"Read this movie review by Priti Barve Los Angeles, 

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Shri pratap sinha rajah Bhosle
Maratha Dynasty in Thanjavur, India
An interview with young prince about his work

Bhalji Pendharkar punyatithi Nov. 26/2014
  भालजी पेंढारकर पुण्यतिथी नोव्हेंबर २६/२०१४



Traditional Folk dance Balya [ Jakhdi ]  Nrutya : बाल्या नृत्य जाखडी नृत्य 
Performed in Los Angeles Nov. 1/2014

Balya Dance in Konkan:

Konkan Maharashtra is ... nothing but California of India... Konkan region is flourished with mind-blowing scenic beauty and its heritage culture and is known for its 

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Bhondla by Simi Valley Marathi shala Los angeles 
सिमी व्हेली मराठी शाळा ने साजरा केला पारंपारिक भोंडला Bhondla/Hadga is the custom celebrated as the Sun moves to the thirteenth constellation of the zodiac called Hasta'. "All sixteen days between Ghatasthapana and Kojagiri Purnima Read more
Tarana by Saili Oak Kalyanpur: साईली ओक कल्याणपूर Concert In Los Angeles 

An excellent performance by Saili , 15 1/2 matra tarana composition by : Mogubai Kurdikar. Mogubai Kurdikar (Marathi: मोगुबाई कुर्डीकर) (July 15 1904 – February 10 2001) was a renowned North Indian classical vocalist of the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana (school).