Welcome to Marathi Culture and Festivals
मराठी संस्कृती, सण, आणि उत्सव
Marathi Culture and Festivals Diwali Edition 2016
दिवाळी अंक २०१६
दिवाळी अंक २०१६
Ahilya bai holkar
31 May 1725 – 13 August 1795
I would like to share a brief history of Ahilya Bai Holkar. I grew up in Indore and always respected her work as a queen and an administrator.
The reign of Ahilyabai, of Indore in central India, lasted for 30 Yrs. , Ahilyabai petitioned the Peshwa after Malhar’s death, and the death of her son, to take over the administration herself. Some in Malwa objected to herassumption of rule, but the army of Holkar was enthusiastic about her leadership. She had led them in person, with four bows and quivers of arrows fitted to the corners of the howdah of her favourite elephant. The Peshwa granted permission, and, with Tukoji Holkar (not a relative) as the head of military matters, she proceeded to rule Malwa in a most enlightened manner, even reinstating a Brahmin who had opposed her.
This has become almost legendary as a period during which perfect order and good Government prevailed and the people prospered. She was a very able ruler and organizer, highly respected during her lifetime, and considered as a saint by a lot of people after her death.As a tribute to the great ruler, Indore domestic airport has been named Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport. Similarly, Indore University has been renamed as "Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya".
Historians of the 19th and 20th centuries—Indian, English and American—agree that the reputation of Ahilyabai Holkar in Malwa and Maharashtra was then, and is, even now, that of a saint. Nothing has ever been discovered by any researcher to discredit that. She was truly a magnificent woman, an able ruler and a great queen.--Aishwarya Kokatay
Image Source: By Nilrocks (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Passed Away: 28 November, 1890
Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers of the nineteenth century India. He led the movement against the prevailing caste-restrictions in India. He revolted against the domination of the
Sambhaji Bhosale : An Extraordinary King
(14 May 1657 – 11 March 1689) was the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, and his first wife Saibai. He was successor of the realm after his father's death.
Born: May 14, 1657, Purandar fort, India
Died: March 11, 1689, Tulapur, India
Parents: Shivaji, Sai Bhosale
Siblings: Rajaram Chhatrapati Read More:
Picture Source: By मालोजीराव (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
As the free India's first Law Minister and Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, Dr. Ambedkar drafted the nation's constitution.
He was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna in 1990.
Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte
December 26, 1914 - February 09, 2008
was a highly dedicated Indian social worker for the cause of rehabilitation and empowerment of poor people, particularly those suffering from leprosy. He gave up all his luxurious way of living. He gave up his wealth and established three ashrams for treatment and rehabilitation of leprosy patients, disabled people, and people from marginalized sections of the society in Maharashtra, India, of which Anandwan was the precursor. He also adopted non-violent means to fight the Indian government for independence. He was the recipient of many international and national awards of which the most prominent are: The Ramon Magsaysay Award; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest civilian honour of the Government of India; and the Gandhi Peace Prize. Visit ANANDVAN
Born: January 6, 1812, Konkan, India Died: May 18, 1846
An excellent Concert by Rama and Rucha in Los Angeles
Los Angeles audience was mesmerized by singing of Rama and Rucha Kelkar. They are twin sisters in their senior year at Granada Hills Charter High School in Granada Hills, California. They liked to sing songs from Disney movies in elementary school and were later inspired by a variety of songs in Hindi and Marathi movies. They have been learning classical music on and off for around 8 years, and more seriously for the last couple of years from Kavita Kharwandikar in Pune and from Saili Oak Kalyanpur in Los Angeles.
They have been giving performances in local events and they are known faces in the community, but this was their biggest solo performance and was one of a kind. Rama and Rucha’s versatility is their strongest point.
Song selection for this program was a big challenge for them and their parents Mrs. Asawari Kelkar and Mr. Rajendra Kelkar. The audience included people of all ages, and spoke a variety of languages. However, catering to this diverse crowd was their criteria for song selection. Luckily, Rama and Rucha are versatile and skilled enough to sing a wide range of songs including classical, semi-classical, light Bollywood, and also Western music. The classical music portion was prepared under the guidance of their teachers Kavita Kharwandikar and Saili Oak Kalyanpur, whereas the light music portion was selected, organized, and prepared by the girls and their family. All the songs were among Rama and Rucha’s favorites. The program was conducted by Mr.Ketan Kelkar, Rama and Rucha’s older brother.
The program consisted of live Harmonium and Tabla for the first part and karaoke for the second part. The following is the list of songs from the program:
Live harmonium played by Dr. Gopal Marathe and Tabla played by Shri Sandeep Katre.
Opening: North Indian classical music, a khyal in raga Gaud Malhar.
A raag mala based in raagas Sohini, Shyam Kalyan, Tilak-kamod, Darbari Kanada, Bhoopali, Des, Bahar, Kalyan, and Nand.
A Kajari based in Raag Kafi.
Meera Bhajan (Piyaji Mhare)
Natyageet (Mana Mandira from the Marathi movie Katyar Kaljat Ghusli)
Aap Ki Nazaron Ne Samjha (from Hindi Movie: Anpadh)
Lawani (Vajale ki bara from movie Nataranga)
O Bekhabar (Bollywood movie Action Replayy)
English Medley (various Disney movies)
Sun raha hai na tu (Bollywood movie Aashiqui 2)
Do la re dola (Bollywood movie Devdas)
Mile Sur Mera Tumhara (Doordarshan production)
Tarana (raag Bhairavi)
The girls have always loved light music of all kinds,
especially Hindi film tunes, but their tastes for classical music are also
developing. Up till now, Rama and Rucha only performed light music onstage.
This concert was the first in which they presented classical music. At this
point in time, both Rama and Rucha are focusing on their academics and college
plans. However, they are also highly dedicated to and passionate about their
No doubt they will be doing wonders in the music world!
We are privileged to share a couple of songs from the program and a few pictures, enjoy.
Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar (October 1, 1919–December 14, 1977) was an Indian poet, lyricist, play-writer, actor and orator. Ga Di Ma, as he was popularly known, was the leading name in Marathi literature and one of the great modern poets of Maharashtra.
Ga Di Ma successfully tried his hands in many stream of literature, including poetry, stories, epics, novels, autobiographies and lyrics. He has almost 30 acclaimed works across these categories. The subjects covered by him in his creations are just as varied.
Ga Di Ma was equally proficient in Hindi. He first entered the world of films in March 1938 at Kolhapur. His pen contributed to as many as 157 Marathi and 23 Hindi films. It was Ga Di Ma who penned the story and dialogue for V. Shantaram's film Do Ankhen Barah Haath, which won recognition at international film festivals.
He is especially admired for having written Geet Ramayan, a collection of 56 verses encompassing the entire epic of Ramayana. It earned him the title of "Modern Valmiki". The music was composed by Sudhir Phadke
Image Source : http://www.aathavanitli-gani.com/Geetkar/Ga_Di_Madgulkar
Information Source: http://www.gadima.com/main/index.php
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Jayanti July 23/2015
Bal Gangadhar Tilak born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak (23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities called him "Father of the Indian unrest". He was also conferred with the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "Accepted by the people.
Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj" स्वराज (self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj स्वराज is my birthright, and I shall have it!" is well-remembered in India even today.
He introduced sarvajanik Ganeshotsav सार्वजनिक गणेशोत्सव in Maharashtra State to bring community together and to stimulate social interaction.
बाळ गंगाधर टिळक (जुलै २३,इ.स. १८५६ - ऑगस्ट १, इ.स. १९२०) हे भारतीय स्वातंत्र्यलढ्यातील अग्रगण्य राजकीय पुढारी, भारताच्या स्वातंत्र्यलढयाचे आद्य प्रवर्तक, भारतीय असंतोषाचे जनक, गणितज्ञ, खगोलतज्ञ, राजकीय तत्त्वज्ञ, पत्रकार, संपादक, लेखक, वक्ते आणि स्वातंत्र्यसेनानी होते. लोकमान्य या उपाधीने त्यांचा उल्लेख केला जातो.
हिंदूंमध्ये घरांघरांत गणेशोत्सव अनेक शतकांपासून साजरा केला जात असे. परंतु हिंदुस्थाना मध्ये गणेशोत्सव घरोघरी साजरा केला जात असला तरी त्यास सार्वजनिक स्वरुप कधीच नव्हते, आम्ही सामाजिक दृष्ट्या एकत्र यावं, या साठी टिळकांनी सार्वजनिक गणेशोत्सवाची संकल्पना मांडून ती यशस्वी करून दाखवली. टिळक म्हणत, देवा-धर्माच्या नावाखाली लोक एकत्र येतात ना तर हरकत नाही, आणि अशाप्रकारे लोकांना प्रथम एकत्र करून मग त्यांना आपण स्वातंत्र्य मिळवण्यासाठी प्रेरणा देऊ शकतो. आणि अशाप्रकारे लोकांना एकत्र करून टिळकांनी त्यांना इंग्रजी सत्तेविरूद्ध उद्युक्त करायला सुरूवात केली. आणि त्याची परिणीती म्हणून सर्वसामान्य जनतेत इंग्रजी सत्ते विषयी राग निर्माण झाला.
Image source: See page for author [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Devotional Singers group from Konkan;
Devotional songs means a music composition sung to generate positive energy and to get blessings of God."
Konkan or the Konkan Coast is a rugged section of the western coastline of India.
Navdurga Prasadik Bhajan mandal Kinjavade
( Ghadi Wadi )
Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur
(26th June 1874 to 6th May 1922)
The first Maharaja of
the Indian princely state of Kolhapur between 1884 and 1922. The most popular Maratha King with a
revolutionary vision. He was a social reformer to work for rural and low-caste
indigent by providing them free education along with hostel facility in
Image Source : By Unknown photographer (The British Library) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, (धुंडीराज गोविंद फाळके) popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke ( दादासाहेब फाळके) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944) was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the father of Indian cinema. ‘Father of Indian Cinema, whose pioneering efforts laid the foundation of Indian cinema. Despite heavy odds and scathing criticisms, Phalke went ahead with his endeavors and made people realize the cultural and financial worth of the film medium. As more and more entrepreneurs took to film-making, films became an integral part of mainstream entertainment.
Vijay Tendulkar विजय तेंडुलकर (6 January 1928 – 19 May 2008) was a leading Indian playwright, movie and television writer, literary essayist, political journalist, and social commentator primarily in Marāthi. He is best known for his plays Shantata! Court Chalu Aahe (1967), Ghasiram Kotwal (1972), and Sakharam Binder (1972).
We had invited readers to participate in sending articles on our cultural heritage .
Thanks to Mrs. Vibha Bhilawadikar Mumbai and Mrs. Mayura Pradhan Javeri Minnesota for sharing their articles. We are happy to share with all the readers.
Dr. Prakash Baba Amte - The Real Hero",
Successful Movie screening in Los angeles by Maharashtra Mandal LA and BMM
There were two screenings held in LA with tremendous response. A salute to the great work done by Dr. prakash Amte and making an excellent movie on his life and work by Director Producer Samruddhi Porey"Read this movie review by Priti Barve Los Angeles,
Balya Dance in Konkan:
Konkan Maharashtra is ... nothing but California of India... Konkan region is flourished with mind-blowing scenic beauty and its heritage culture and is known for its
An excellent performance by Saili , 15 1/2 matra tarana composition by : Mogubai Kurdikar. Mogubai Kurdikar (Marathi: मोगुबाई कुर्डीकर) (July 15 1904 – February 10 2001) was a renowned North Indian classical vocalist of the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana (school).